The Treasury of Lives

A Biographical Encyclopedia of Tibet, Inner Asia, and the Himalaya

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b.early 7th cent. - d.late 7th cent.

Semarkar was the younger sister of Songtsen Gampo, the famous Pugyel king who unified Tibet in the seventh century. As the Yarlung Pugyel dynasty was expanding its territory, Semarkar made a political marriage with Ligmyihya, the King of Zhangzhung, and went to live in Zhangzhung to rule with her husband. When the marriage failed, Songtsen invaded and conquered Zhangzhung.

Konchok Pendar

b.1511 - d.1577

Konchok Pendar was a master in the transmission of Tibetan medical teachings. Based in the Sakya region, he was trained by his uncle Konchok Delek of the Gongmen medical lineage and is said to have composed a number of medical works and also trained hundreds of students, among them Burtso Yonten Gyatso.

Ngawang Sanggye Pelzang

b.late 17th cent. - d.mid 18th cent.
TBRC P4536

Ngawang Sanggye Pelzang was a disciple of Desi Sanggye Gyatso. In his youth he received teachings at Mindroling from Lochen Dharmaśrī.

Pelden Gyeltsen

b.1535 - d.late 16th cent.
TBRC P1169

Tsarong Pelden Gyeltsen was an important master in the transmission of Tibetan medical science. He founded Menlung Trengbachen, a teaching institution for medicine. He composed a number of works on medicine, as well as a biography of Tsoje Zhonnu. He was a primary student of the well-known physician Konchok Pendar of the Gongmen and Drangti medical traditions. His teachings became known as the Tsarong Oral Tradition compilation.

Yonten Gyatso

b.1516 - d.1551
TBRC P1175

Yonten Gyatso was a physician born into a well-known medical family near Sakya. After his brother passed away, his family directed him toward a life of medical studies in order to continue the family lineage. He studied with one of the most important medical practitioners and scholars of his time, Konchok Pendar, and himself had a number of disciples. Among his students Tsarong Pelden Gyeltsen would become an important figure in Tibetan medicine.