Semarkar was the younger sister of Songtsen Gampo, the famous Pugyel king who unified Tibet in the seventh century. As the Yarlung Pugyel dynasty was expanding its territory, Semarkar made a political marriage with Ligmyihya, the King of Zhangzhung, and went to live in Zhangzhung to rule with her husband. When the marriage failed, Songtsen invaded and conquered Zhangzhung.
Konchok Pendar was a master in the transmission of Tibetan medical teachings. Based in the Sakya region, he was trained by his uncle Konchok Delek of the Gongmen medical lineage and is said to have composed a number of medical works and also trained hundreds of students, among them Burtso Yonten Gyatso.
Tsarong Pelden Gyeltsen was an important master in the transmission of Tibetan medical science. He founded Menlung Trengbachen, a teaching institution for medicine. He composed a number of works on medicine, as well as a biography of Tsoje Zhonnu. He was a primary student of the well-known physician Konchok Pendar of the Gongmen and Drangti medical traditions. His teachings became known as the Tsarong Oral Tradition compilation.
Yonten Gyatso was a physician born into a well-known medical family near Sakya. After his brother passed away, his family directed him toward a life of medical studies in order to continue the family lineage. He studied with one of the most important medical practitioners and scholars of his time, Konchok Pendar, and himself had a number of disciples. Among his students Tsarong Pelden Gyeltsen would become an important figure in Tibetan medicine.
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The TBRC RID number refers to the unique ID assigned by the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center (TBRC.org) to each historical figure in their database of Tibetan literature.